Types Of Depression

Types Of Depression

Types Of Depression

We have earlier introduced what depression really means and how to look for the initial signs that may be indicator of depression. Let us now look at various forms of depression. According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), different forms of depression are as follows

  • Types
  • Note
    Persistent depressive disorder:
  • Depressed mood that last for at least 2 years
  • Episodes of major depression along with periods of less severe symptoms, but symptoms must last for two years
  • Postpartum depression:
  • Full blown major depression experienced by women during pregnancy or after delivery
  • Extreme anxiety, sadness, and exhaustion in new mothers that may hamper daily care activities for themselves and/or for their babies
  • Much more serious than the ‘baby blues’ (relatively mild depression and anxiety experienced by many women that goes away within 2 weeks after delivery)
  • Psychotic Depression:
  • Severe depression with some form of psychosis (delusions, hallucinations)
  • Psychotic symptoms usually have a depressive ‘theme’, for example delusions of guilt, or illness
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder:
  • Onset of depression during winter months
  • Leads to social withdrawal, increased sleep, and weight gain
  • Usually lifts during spring and summer
  • Usually occurs every year
  • Bipolar Depression:
  • Although quite different from depression, but someone with bipolar disorder may experience episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major depression
  • A person with bipolar disorder also experiences extreme high – euphoric or irritable – moods called “mania” or a less severe form called “hypomania.”

A person with psychosis may have disturbing false beliefs (delusions) and/or hear, see upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations) -other types of depressive disorders included in DSM-5 are disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (diagnosed in children and adolescents) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

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